Экскурсии по Праге,
Чехии, Австрии, Германии
+420 774 320 323
Baranová 21,130 00,Praha 3

Нюрнберг

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Достопримечательности, которые вы увидите:

Нюрнберг: двор реместенников, церковь св. Лаврентия, городской совет, мясной мост, госпиталь св. Духа, фонтан "Брачная карусель", мост палача. городская площадь, Прекрасный фонтан, церковь св.Зибальда, дом Дюрера, крепость Кайзербург.

Встреча  туристов делегатом группы с табличкой "Zlata Praha" на Вацлавской площади у конного памятника св. Вацлаву!

Внимание: иметь при себе заграничный паспорт и страховой полис!

Описание экскурсии:

Выезд в 7-30, приезд в 21-00.

300 км, 13часов.

Нюрнберг- вторая негласная столица Франконии с 500 тыс. населением в 4 часах пути от Праги, здесь била ключом творческая мысль немецкого народа, воплощаясь в замечательные произведения искусства, науки, техники.Крупнейший экономический и культурный центр, где были получены ультрамариновые краски, созданы глобус, «Щелкунчик» и елочные игрушки. Нюрнберг издавна снабжал всю Европу компасами и измерительными приборами, а фонтаны являются шедеврами литейного производства нюрнбергских мастеров. Именно здесь, сам «ангел» спускается с небес, чтобы открыть рождественскую ярмарку. Нюрнберг-родина красного пива и  вкуснейших  мини-колбасок и ароматных пряников- все это визитная гастрономическая карточка города! Советуем пройтись по магазинам, очень богатый выбор качественной текстильной и обувной продукции по умеренным ценам.

Это город «судьбы мира» , которому покровительствует птица счастья Норис. В средневековье один из самых богатых вольных городов Германии,  где проводились рейхстаги императоров Священной Римской Империи, а также съезды курфюрстов для избрания короля немецкой нации, а потому хранились императорские регалии и реликвии,которые пытались вывозить чужаки – хищные, властолюбивые, жестокие. 

История Нюрнберга началась

 с песчаного холма, на котором вырос замок в 11 веке Кайзербург, а под ним селились служители замка и купцы, образуя основу будущего города.  Река Пегниц  поделила город на две части, центром левой набережной стал костел св. Лоуренца, вокруг которого сформировалось поселение богатых мещан-патрициев, ремесленников и рынков; правая набережная  образовалась вокруг костела св. Зибальда, где находилось городское управление, еврейский квартал и наместники императора. На этом городе сошлись 12 торговых путей, он становится самым крупным торговым центром Франконии. В 14 веке  Нюрнберг получает права и привилегия имперского города  и, к началу XVI века достигает своего хозяйственного и культурного расцвета. Этот город будет на перекрестке всех политических потрясений: гуситские войны, тридцатилетняя война приведет город к упадку, а с приходом Наполеона город потеряет свою самостоятельность и будет присоединен к Баварии.  Во Вторую мировую войну он стал «столицей идеологии», где проходили съезды НСДАП, по этой причине его пытались стереть с лица земли в 1945 году, но  как птица Феникс, сжигавшая себя и возрождающаяся, он станет символом обновления и бессмертия после войны. В этом городе удивительно сочетается мистика, эзотерика, легенды и современность.

Начало экскурсии

с городских ворот через двор ремесленников, в котором сегодня располагаются сувенирные лавки. Пройдемся королевской дорогой,ею заезжали в город монархи, на нашем пути история домов зажиточных патрициев, средневековые фахверковые дома, костел св.Лоуренца привлекающий своим убранством туристов и органной музыкой.

Но самым большим впечатлением

будут фонтаны и скульптурные композиции, несущие смысловую нагрузку о бренности нашей жизни: «Брачная карусель», «Корабль дураков», Не менее интересные истории о мостах: мясной, палача. Вы увидите, где находились городская аптека с 15 века, мужская и женская тюрьмы, особенности содержания и пожелания осужденных. Самое печальное место города-лепрозорий, но именно там, откуда уже человек не возвращался в мирскую жизнь, ибо за эту страшную болезнь становился изгоем и фактически узником, хранили ценную реликвию «копье судьбы» и императорскую корону».

Наш путь

на городскую рыночную площадь с «Прекрасным фонтаном», где у туристов есть возможность покрутить магическое кольцо в решетке, вставленное необычноым способом  одним мастером, который таким образом пытался удивить своего будущего тестя,  и загадать желание. Собор св. Девы Марии с астрономическими часами  и далее, минуя городское управление и костел св. Зибальда, романтическими улочками, хранящее тайны подземелья,  к дому-музею А.Дюрера (удивительный музей,где экскурсию по дому проводить сама жена художника) и  резиденции Кайзербург.

Здесь с высоты

песчаного холма открывается прекрасный панорамный вид на город.У Вас будет возможность прогуляться по замку, просмотреть его устройство, а далее, в обратный путь, улицы которого помогут вам еще раз напомнить о прекрасной истории города. Загляните в местные колоритные ресторанчики или пивовар Барфюсер, где подается свежайшее пиво в ассортименте, печеная хрустящая свиная лопатка, знаменитые нюрнбергские колбаски и франконское вино. 


 

 

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